Urinary tract infections, also known as UTI’s, are usually caused by an infection in the bladder or kidneys from germs that spread into the urinary tract. When these germs get into the urethra, they can move up to the bladders and kidneys and cause an infection. Bladder infections tend to be less serious than kidney infections, which can cause serious damage, however if a bladder infection is not properly treated, it can lead to a kidney infection. UTI’s are more commonly seen in women than men, most likely since women have shorter urethras, making it easier for germs to get to the bladder. Those with kidney stones, diabetes, enlarged prostate, and pregnant women are more prone to UTI’s. Increased sexual activity can also lead to a UTI. Some signs and symptoms that are good indicators that you may have a UTI are increased trips to the bathroom without much urine coming out, a burning sensation when you are urinating (dysuria), and visibly cloudy or bad smelling urine. When seen by a doctor, a sample of your urine will be taken to be tested for germs to see if you have an infection.